Essential Facts about Brain Injuries Attained during Car Accidents

The human body is a perfectly tuned, but still a very delicate biological machine. When a person is healthy and fit, the same machine works without any sign of trouble or some other issue. During these periods, people are usually not even aware that their body works at all – it is just there for them as it should be. But, unfortunately, the world is a place where unwanted things occur regularly. On these occasions, the fragile nature of the human body can be seen in its full capacity. Among many parts of the body, there are not many which are as important as the brain, where the full intellectual and emotional capacity of a human being is located. At the same time, the brain is also a very delicate organ and it is susceptible to a huge range of issues that might arise in the most ordinary circumstances that turn out to be dangerous.


In this category, car accidents are one of the most common inducers of traumatic brain injuries. Here are some of the most important facts and other information related to brain injuries resulting from car accidents. General Types of Brain Injuries All brain injuries, even those that are highly specific, are unique in their nature. As no two brains are the same, an injury to a specific part will not always result in the same series of effect for all people. This is the result of a diversified nature of neurological activity in any given brain. The map of activity of an individual brain often meanders and looks different between individuals, but the general zones of the brain do play the same roles for all people. But still, the type of force and the place of impact on a human body during a car accident will determine the category of brain injuries. Most of these result from the force being applied either directly on the head or on the neck and the upper body which is then transported to the head through force redistribution.

That is why any injury can affect just one area of the brain, several areas and possibly, all areas and functional zones of the brain and why you will need a lawyer. Blunt Force Traumatic Brain Injuries There are several large groups of traumatic brain injuries. These include concussions, contusion, diffuse axonal injuries, coup-countercoup. Concussions are the most common type of brain injuries in a car accident and it usually comes about along with a whiplash effect, where the force of the impact shakes and twists the brain inside of the person’s skull. These are created by direct blows to the head, but also violent shaking, both of which are common in automotive accidents. The whiplash effect that occurs is also common and can occur from car accidents that seem menial in nature, like being in a mild frontal collision. These accidents still produce a force that shakes the passenger’s head first in one direction and then violently back. Contusions result from a direct impact in the area of the head and result in an internal bruise to the brain. The same bruise can lead to internal bleeding, which then produces an increase in the pressure of the brain, which is very dangerous. Often, these larger contusions have to be surgically removed. Coup-Contrecoup represents an injury where both the side of the brain that receives the impact and both are damaged. Usually, these are complete opposite sides which occur when the brain is first forced into a single side of the skull, and then bounces back and slams in the opposite one. Coup-Contrecoup injuries are often followed by contusions. Diffuse Axonal is the result of a violent rotation of shaking of the head. In this case, the injury is produced by the fact that the brain’s movement lags behind the movement of the entire head. This leads to the structures inside of a brain to be torn up and produce the injury. Sometimes, in these types of injuries, harmful brain chemicals are released in large quantities, adding more aggravation to the same injury.

Penetration-Based Brain Injuries The previous category and all injuries inside of it had one thing in common: none of them result in of the brain’s position inside of the head being compromised to the outside environment. In other words, even the most severe injuries of that type leave the skull whole, without exposing the brain tissue to any foreign objects. Penetrative brain injuries include exactly this – a foreign object tearing the skin of the head, breaking the bones of the skull or the face and entering the brain. In car accidents, these injuries have been greatly diminished in the previous decades with the advancement of the automotive safety standards. These include the invention of the shattering glass for the windshield, breakable wheels, soft wheel axles and other things, which had the purpose of minimizing the chance of any part of the car breaking and being able to penetrate the human body.


However, there are still plenty of other objects in car crashes and accidents that have both the needed sharpens and sturdiness to penetrate the human skull. Any number of penetrative brain injuries can occur in these situations and many of them are exceedingly serious in nature. These are rarely so-called “through-and-through” events when an object enters the skull, travels through the brain and exists in some other place, except in the case of explosions and really high-speed crashes where nuts and bolts can become projectiles. Usual penetrative brain injuries include object getting stuck in the skull, which then penetrate the brain. These always result in the injury of the brain tissue, but also produce hemorrhaging and mostly present life-treating occurrences where only a swift professional medical intervention can save a person’s life. Additionally, there injuries carry a huge risk of later infection, which is a problem in the case of successful life-saving surgery. Conclusion From all of this, it is clear that brain injuries, both resulting from the force of an accident or from a penetration of a foreign body, represent serious events that impact the overall health of a person. Levels of brain injury are divided into mild, moderate and severe brain injury, but all of them can impact one or more brain function of the affected person.

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